WASHINGTON — For many passengers, air travel is only about finding the cheapest fare.
But as airlines offer a proliferating list of add-on services, from early boarding to premium seating and baggage fees, the ability to comparison-shop for the lowest total fare is eroding.
Global distribution systems that supply flight and fare data to travel agents and online ticketing services like Orbitz and Expedia, accounting for half of all U.S. airline tickets, complain that airlines won’t provide fee information in a way that lets them make it handy for consumers trying to find the best deal.
“What other industry can you think of where a person buying a product doesn’t know how much it’s going to cost even after he’s done at the checkout counter?” said Simon Gros, chairman of the Travel Technology Association, which represents the global distribution services and online travel industries.
The harder airlines make it for consumers to compare, “the greater opportunity you have to get to higher prices,” said Kevin Mitchell, chairman of the Business Travel Coalition, whose members include corporate travel managers.
Now the Obama administration is wading into the issue. The Department of Transportation is considering whether to require airlines to provide fee information to everyone with whom they have agreements to sell their tickets. A decision originally scheduled for next month has been postponed to May, as regulators struggle with a deluge of information from airlines opposed to regulating fee information, and from the travel industry and consumer groups that support such a requirement.
At the heart of the debate is a desire by airlines to move to a new marketing model in which customers don’t buy tickets based on price alone. Instead, following the well-worn path of other consumer companies, airlines want to mine personal data about customers in order to sell them tailored services. You like to sit on the aisle and to ski, so how would you like to fly to Aspen with an aisle seat and a movie, no extra baggage charge for your skis, and have a hotel room and a pair of lift tickets waiting for you, all for one price? You’re a frequent business traveler. How about priority boarding, extra legroom, Internet access and a rental car when you arrive?
“Technology is changing rapidly. We are going to be part of the change,” said Sharon Pinkerton, vice president of Airlines for America, which represents most U.S. carriers. “We want to be able to offer our customers a product that’s useful to them, that’s customized to meet their needs, and we don’t think (the Transportation Department) needs to step in.”
If airlines have their way, passengers looking for ticket prices may have to reveal a lot more information about themselves.
“What the airlines are trying to do right now is reinvent the wheel so they can hold all their information close to their chest,” said Charles Leocha, founder of the Consumer Travel Alliance. “As we move forward in a world of IT, the ownership of passenger data is like gold to these people.”
By withholding information like fee prices, he said, “we are forced to go see them, and then we are spoon-fed what they want to feed us.”